The key to healthy, beautiful facial skin is proper cleansing to remove oil, dirt, makeup, dead surface cells and other impurities that come to rest on and under the skin. Should be cleansed at least two times a day – in the morning and in the evening.
We know that the cleaners are essential part of our basic skin-care routine. The cleansers leave the skin feeling clean, smooth and non-oily. They wash off the makeup, the dirt and the oil, leaving the skin dry and tight. You should use cleanser with warm water and rinse thoroughly. The main purpose of the cleanser is to gently clean the skin. Nowadays there are cleaners for every skin type, from normal to oily. If is very oily you should use a stronger, more drying cleanser. Once you have found a cleanser that’s the proper Ph start using it in the morning and especially at night to remove the dirt. Once you cleansed your face you should begin the next step – tone.
The toner is one of the most important part of your daily regimen. The toners remove the traces of makeup, dirt and oil that your cleanser may have missed. The toners also reduce pores, eliminate oil and refine the skin. What they do in addition to making feel tighter, is prepare the skin for moisturizers. Most of them are available for both dry and oily skin, but a mild toner with little or no alcohol is good for all skin types.
You should always moisturize. When you moisturize your face with an appropriate cream, Make sure to go up rather than down with your lotion so the light hair on your face don’t leave shadows. The better the quality of your moisturizer the more protection from dryness it will give you. If you are concerned with blemishes you might try oil-free moisturizer.
When you exfoliate you remove deed surface cells and oil that can cause pores to plug and lead to problems like acne for example. Exfoliating also stimulates circulation. The scrubs treat the surface of the skin, but unfortunately don’t do what a true exfoliator does, which is removing surface cells debris, leaving the skin in a heightened state of cleanliness. The natural fruit-based products are excellent peels. The most effective exfoliating peels are nonabrasive and gel-based. These gels help to keep the skin moisturized. The scrubs leave it feeling smoother and more refined without being irritated. The gel-based peels are excellent for acne, because they don’t add further irritation to skin that is already raw.
As we know there are many different types of masks, each with a specific purpose – they soothe the skin, oxygenate it, improve the circulation, nourish the skin, clear up the blemishes and even reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- tightening masks help tighten and tone sagging skin
- drawing masks absorb the excess oils
- moisturizing masks add moisturize to the skin
20 percent of the women have sensitive skin. Those with sensitive skin experience dryness, burning, redness and frequent breakouts. Sensitive skin is also prone to skin infections, tends to wrinkle easily and reacts to external stresses. The skin of those with sensitive skin is thinner and more delicate than the other persons and has a less substantial outer barrier of lipids and natural moisturizers. The problems of sensitive skin can easily be aggravated by exposure to sun, heat and wind. Temperature changes, some cosmetics and skincare products, some foods and cigarette smoke can cause irritation. To keep sensitive skin smooth and free of blotchiness use products that contain as few preservatives, fragrances and chemicals as possible.
- burns easily
- is frequently allergic
- has red veins on nose and cheekbones
- reacts to many skincare products
- reacts to many cosmetic products
- easily goes red when touched
- has thin epidermis
- feels very tight after cleansing
- has a translucent appearance
- easily become red
- easily become blotchy
- wrinkles prematurely
- is prone to dehydration
- is prone to flaky patches
- is prone to broken capillaries
- reacts to both hot and cold
How to take care
If it is sensitive you should follow a strict skincare regime and use specific cosmetic products.
Step 1 Cleanse your face
Every day facial cleansing is essential. Select a cleanser that doesn’t contain alcohol or other harsh ingredients – it should be mild, hypoallergenic and specifically designed for sensitive skins. Select a cleanser with moisturizing ingredients and pH balance. Never use a facial soap to cleanse your face – it will dry it and cause irritation, even though there is a wide range of soaps for sensitive skin. The soaps often dehydrate the skin. If it feels very thigh after cleansing you should change the cleanser and find a new one that won’t dry and irritate your sensitive skin.
Step 2 Tone
Toning is not always recommended for those with sensitive or dry skin, but there are some toners that won’t irritate it. Select an alcohol-free toner that is hypoallergenic and appropriate for sensitive skin. Tone by delicately patting a cotton pad soaked in the astringent over your face. The toner will remove all traces of makeup, dirt and oils that your cleanser may have missed.
Step 3 Moisturize
Daily moisturization is essential. Applying facial moisturizer and body lotion is essential in order to keep it well-hydrated and healthy. There is a wide range of moisturizers and face creams that nourish and hydrate it in deep. Select lighter and fragrance-free moisturizer designed for sensitive skin – they clam the skin and retain moisture. Most of the moisturizers appropriate for sensitive skin contain Aloe Vera, Chamomile, Olive Oil, Almond Oil and Jojoba Oil, as well as essential oils that revitalize the skin and soften irritated, sensitive skin.
Exfoliation – even though it is sensitive you shouldn’t skip to exfoliate it regularly, but always use a mild exfoliator and exfoliate gently, not more than twice a week.
Masks – do a hydrating mask once a week. The hydrating masks calm, soothe and reduce sensitivity. Never apply a clay mask – they often irritate and dry the skin.
Sunscreen – using a sunscreen, especially during the summer months is essential. Applying a sunscreen is the best way to protect it! The damage caused by the sun’s UV rays and the free radicals always lead to thinning skin and irritation.
What makeup products you should use if it is sensitive:
Those with sensitive skin should always use specific cosmetic products. Your makeup products should be hypoallergenic, non-comedonic and appropriate for sensitive skin.
Choose liquid foundation that is hypoallergenic and with SPF at least 15. Select a silicone based foundation – it has a low incidence of skin irritation. Apply it gently to the whole face but never rub it. Although most of the dermatologists and makeup artists don’t recommend those with sensitive skin to use face powder I recommend you to use it but not every day. Nowadays these powders protect the skin from the environmental pollutant, don’t clod the pores and provide a good protection against the sun. Remember: all your makeup products should be fragrance-free.
To remove the makeup in the evening use a mild makeup remover designed for sensitive or dry skin.
- Avoid using skincare products containing alpha hydroxy acids
- Always use specific cosmetic products
- Never use soap to cleanse your face – it cause irritation, itching and dehydration
- Never use skincare products containing alcohol
- Never dry with a harsh towel
- A healthy diet will help
- Avoid eating spicy foods and fatty foods
- Make sure you drink plenty of water every day
- Make sure your moisturizer or cream is rich in water and oils
- Always apply a sunscreen with SPF at least 15
- Your makeup products should be hypoallergenic, fragrance-free and non-comedonic
- Avoid hot baths, solariums, saunas – they may cause broken capillaries in your sensitive skin
- Ensure your diet contains many nuts, fish, grains and fresh vegetables
- Never use any products on your sensitive skin without a patch test
- Avoid products containing harsh chemicals or a perfume
- Exfoliate your sensitive skin with a mild exfoliator once a week
- Do a hydrating and nourishing mask twice a week
Dark circles under eyes
If you have dark circles under the eyes you should use a concealer with a pink, peachy or yellow undertone to neutralize the blue and the green in circles. Avoid using plum, purple or red shades of shadow.
If your complexion looks dull you should wet a facecloth with warm water and squeeze on lime juice.
Press on to your face for a few minutes. Repeat it three/ four times to make skin glow.
If you have spots, pimples or blackheads on the face you should rub on a paste of baking soda and water at night. The baking soda will dry it out by the morning. If the scar is too visible use a concealer buy don’t apply too much.
If your lips are chapped you should exfoliate them, apply petroleum jelly or a face scrub to a soft toothbrush and gently rub on lips. Always apply lip balm.
Apply translucent powder under the powder shadow. You can wrap your index finger in a tissue and gently remove any residue.