Melasma is a skin condition that is triggered by estrogen or progesterone growth and causes dark to grey patches on the skin. This condition is seen on women who are pregnant, or women who are taking oral contraceptives. It is also known that women who are taking medications that cause sensitivity to the exposure of light can get Melasma. It is important to know the symptoms of this condition and how to treat for the beneficial health of the patient.
It is important to know the causes of this condition, before a person can learn how to treat Melasma. It is also known as the “mask of pregnancy”. It is usually seen during the second or third trimester and this often occurs because of a fluctuation in female hormones. The cultures that mostly experience the conditions are Hispanics, Asians, Indian, and Middle Eastern women. Studies have shown that premenopausal women that receive progesterone therapy develop Melasma.
Sun exposure is another cause. Occurs in dark skinned people when the pigment producing cells, also known as melanocytes, are exposed to ultraviolet light. This over production in skin pigment is increased when there is a rise in the hormone levels.
Cosmetics and Medications are also known to be a culprit in causing. There are cosmetics that contain certain chemicals that cause an allergic reaction on the skin and causes hyper pigmentation discoloration. If a medication is prescribed to a person for treatment of an illness , this makes it difficult to find ways to treat because the medication is important.
When the thyroid is not functioning properly, it is known to cause. It is imperative that an individual who develops consults a doctor about the thyroid being a possible cause.
Dermetologist use a Woods Lamp to identify it. The Woods Lamp emits an ultraviolet light that is focused on the skin of the patient. The doctor monitors the different florescent colors that are produced. There are different colors for different conditions.
A biopsy is a sample of skin that is taken from a patient to study. It is examined for diseases of any type. Sometimes a skin condition is not always what it seems by just looking at it; it is important to take a sample of it and test it to make sure.
How to Treat By Covering Up
When an individual knows that he or she will have prolonged exposure to the sun, it is vital to dress in layers. Try to cover up as much as possible and finds ways to protect sensitive exposed skin. Use a great deal of sun screen or one with a skin protection factor (SPF) of 50 or more.
Treatment With Skin Lightening Creams
Use creams that have hydroquinone in it. Hydroquinone is a skin bleaching agent and helps in the lightening process in relieving Melasma. Creams that have this lightening agent in them are available in the pharmacy.
For the removal with a chemical peel it is important to see a specialist. The reason is that to eliminate Melasma a deep chemical peel is needed. The deeper the chemical peel, the better the results.
The most successful way to treat naturally is to stop any oral contraceptives that may be causing the problem. If it is a medication that is the source trouble, see a doctor to verify if there is another type a medication that can be used to treat an illness without causing Melasma. Finally, find cosmetics that are made with natural products that will not irritate the skin.
Melasma is a condition that is caused by a variety of reasons. It is important to find a specialist who can help diagnose the problem and to find ways to treat it efficiently.