Dry hair can be defined as hair that’s lost its ability to attract and retain moisture, it feels dry to the touch and looks dull and lifeless. It is characterized by a dual deficiency in moisture and lipids (sebum), which alters its elasticity and suppleness.
How does dry hair look like:
- it is fragile
- has split ends
- looks coarse and wiry
- looks frizzy
- difficult to comb and brush
- breaks easily
- isn’t elastic
- feels rough and dry to a touch
- difficult to style
- easily becomes electrified
- tends to tangle
- is porous
- excessive sun and wind exposure
- heat styling – curling irons, hot curlers, flat irons, hair dryers
- improper hair care and using harsh hair products
- chlorine / in swimming pools/ or salt water
- frequent perms
- bleaching, hair coloring
- prolonged illness and genetics
- exposure to harsh chemicals
- living in dry environment
- hormonal changes, puberty, stress
- frequent grooming
- hot temperatures and dehydratation
- your state of health
- high mineral content in local water
- certain medications
- nutritional deficiency
- applying too much styling hair products
It is usually caused by improper hair care, which includes – washing daily, using harsh shampoos, not applying a conditioner, over-use of curling irons, flat irons, always blow-drying, frequent bleaching, hair coloring. It can also be a result from excessive sun exposure for example, from taking certain medications / such as Birth control pills/, living in a dry environment with high temperatures. Using hair dryer or curling iron everyday are the things that always aggravate the condition as they make it even drier and damage the hair seriously.
HOW TO TREAT
1 Shampoo regularly
Unlike oily hair, this type shouldn’t be washes too often. Twice a week will be enough. Don’t shampoo every day as it may become even drier. Always use a shampoo specifically designed for dry hair as it contains more humectants / moisturizing ingredients/. Make sure your shampoo is mild and cleanses well. It shouldn’t contain alcohol or any harsh chemicals. Look for a low pH shampoo to keep moisturized. When you apply the shampoo, massage your scalp gently to improve blood circulation. Massage the scalp with the tips of the fingers instead of the fingernails to avoid scalp irritation. Rinse thoroughly with lukewarm water and never rinse with hot water as it dries out. At the end finish with a cool rinse to remove all traces of shampoo residue.
2 Use a conditioner
A conditioner is a must for those with dry hair because it needs moisture. If it needs conditioning use a post-shampoo conditioner rather than a conditioning shampoo. Apply a conditioner every time you wash. Look for a nourishing conditioner specifically designed for dry hair, containing essential oils. It will replace the lost moisture in your hair. Apply the conditioner to the entire hair, concentrating on the ends. A good conditioner will coat the hair shaft with a thin film and smooth down the roughened cells and fill in uneven surface. Leave the conditioner on for approximately 3-5 minutes to penetrate deeply into the hair and then rinse thoroughly.
3 Do a deep-conditioning treatment
If it is very dry you should do a series of conditioner treatment 2/ 3 times for about two weeks to make the hair stronger and to bring the hair back to a more healthy state. A deep-conditioning treatment may include – deep conditioners, hot oil treatments, nourishing and hydrating hair masks. A hair treatment with oils will penetrate deep into the hair and scalp and will nourish.
- Massage your scalp every time while shampooing to improve blood circulation.
- Brush from top to bottom to stimulate the scalp and to bring sebum to the ends.
- Give a break and let it rest, but keep it clean and well-conditioned.
- You can apply pure acacia honey to the scalp to nourish. Leave the honey on for 15 minutes.
- Always wear a hat when you are out in the hot summer months.
- Going natural is the best way to avoid any hair problems.
- Spray some setting lotion to help manage the hair, to close the cuticle layer and make the hair easier to comb.
- Use a light scalp oil /almond oil, olive oil/ to lightly oil the scalp every 4 to 5 days.
- Purchase the same line of product for all products – they are formulated to work best together.
- Make sure all products are of high quality.
- Consider using hair products with SPF and never use hair care products containing too harsh ingredients.
- Don’t use two-in-one products.
- Get a haircut every 5 weeks to prevent split and damaged ends.
- Never use too greasy hair products to style.
- Leave shampoo on for a three minutes and then rinse.
- Always use hair products designed for dry hair.
- Don’t use too much styling products, instead coat just the ends of the hair.
- Don’t worry to change your shampoo even after the first usage if you are not satisfied with the result.
- Look for products containing vitamins, antioxidants, amino acids, UV protective filters, moisturizing ingredients, essential oils.
- Avoid everyday blow drying.
- Make sure you drink plenty of water to keep your body and hair hydrated – at least 1.5 liter a day.
- Take vitamin and mineral supplements, especially vitamin B complex and vitamin E to bring shine and moist.
- Avoid coloring, bleaching or hair straightening too often.