Dry skin does not only look unappealing, it also feels tight and uncomfortable. Moreover, it is predisposed to premature aging wrinkles, dry patches, redness and rosacea. It has a parched look, and in heavier cases it is characterized by chapping and cracking. We offer some basic tips on how to care for dry skin, but first we must see what causes this condition.
In general, it has low moist levels, which might be a result of several causes
- Oil glands don’t produce enough sebum, hence the hydrolipidic protective layer is thin or missing. This causes the skin to dehydrate, chap and flake.
- Aggressive environmental factors such as wind, air-conditioning, extreme temperatures, as well as chemicals and cosmetics make normal skin dry, and dry skin’s bad condition – even worse.
- The type of one’s skin is often genetically dependent.
- Dry skin may be a result of nutritional deficiencies, especially lack of Vitamin A and B vitamins
- Medical conditions such as dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, seborrhea, underactive thyroid, diabetes and others.
- Skin dehydrates because of certain drugs including diuretics, antispasmodics and antihistamines.
How to cleanse
Dry skin is very sensitive, thus need special treatment. Many women don’t know how to care for their dry skin and often make mistakes that make matters worse. To cleanse your sensitive face, you need to keep in mind the following:
- Deposits in tap water irritate and dry the skin. The worst you can do is to clean your face with hot tap water. You should use cool mineral water instead.
- Don’t use a washcloth – it is too irritating. Use just your fingers to gently apply and rub the skin care product.
- Soap is not a friend of dry skin. Along with grime, it also removes the natural oils that protect the skin. For gentle cleansing use a non-detergent, pH-neutral cosmetic product.
- When you are done with cleansing your face, it is obligatory to apply a moisturizer or a rich nourishing face cream.
- After a bath apply baby oil to nourish the skin of your body. Your skin must be still wet when using the baby oil, so it can “lock” the moist inside the epidermis.
You need to take care not only on the outside, but also from the inside. Balanced dies is as important as proper cosmetic care. Here we offer some tips on how to eat and what to eat if you have dry skin.
Diet recommendations – what not to eat:
- Limit the consumption of fried foods, heat-processed vegetable oils and animal fats. Heating oils are harmful to the skin for they lead to increased production of free radicals. You can increase the intake of raw foods instead.
- Diuretic substances such as alcohol and caffeine should be avoided. They cause the skin cells to lose fluids and dehydrate.
- They are tasty, but bad for your dry skin: soft drinks, candies, chocolate, potato chips, etc. In general: junk foods.
Diet recommendations – what to eat:
- Foods rich in beta-carotene: all yellow and orange vegetables, especially carrots. Beta-carotene is an anti-oxidant that is essential for good-looking skin.
- Nature’s way: make sure your diet includes enough vegetables, fruits, grains, seeds, and nuts.
- Foods rich in sulfur such as garlic, onions, eggs, and asparagus. Sulfur helps the skin stay smooth, supple and healthy.
- Cold-pressed flax seed oil: it contains fatty acids that are very beneficial to dry skin.
- Drink lots of water to keep well hydrated – at least 2 liters a day.
How To Prevent Skin Dehydration
Dehydration can affect every skin type and every age, especially those with dry skin. Skin dehydration is the loss of water in the skin and occurs when the skin loses more moisture than it takes in. Dehydration often leads to thinning of the skin, promotes development of fine lines, wrinkles, crow’s feet. Being dehydrated can change the appearance – it may appear flushed, dry and older looking.
The skin dehydration often result from a hot, dry climate, not drinking enough water, prolonged exposure to sun, poor skin hygiene, air conditioning, harsh soaps etc.
Skin naturally loses up to half a pint of water every day, which means it constantly needs replenishing. It’s essential to seal moisture directly into skin to keep it healthy and well-hydrated.
Results of dehydration:
- Loss of elasticity
- Shrunken skin
- Feeling of tightness
- The skin looks rough
- Fine lines and wrinkles
- Premature aging
- Flaking, scaling
Discern whether is dehydrated?
One of the first signs of dehydrated skin is the development of fine lines, located mainly in the forehead, around the eyes and cheekbones. In some cases the whole face wrinkles. You may experience a feeling of tightness and itching. The skin usually looks reddish and has a dull complexion. The dehydrated skin loses its elasticity and radiance.
What to do if is dehydrated:
The best way to prevent dehydration is to make sure you drinking plenty of water and other fluids every day. You should consume more fluids than you are losing. Drink at least 1.5 liter water daily.
- Firstly – stop washing your face with soaps and harsh cleansers, even the special liquid facial soaps may dry the skin and even lead to skin irritation.
- Use mild products – cleansing mils or gels to remove the makeup in the evening and to cleanse the face. The harsh products formulated with ingredients such as alcohol; can strip away the skin’s natural oils and make the situation even worse.
- Do a light exfoliation once a week
- No matter what type is do a hydrating facial mask once or twice a week
- Always use moisturizers – the drier is the more hydrating moisturizer you should use. Moisturizers improve quality and act as a protective layer to help trap the moisture in the skin and stop it from evaporation. Apply the moisturizer and let it soak in at least 3 minutes before applying foundation. They slow down the natural moisture loss throughout the day and prevent further skin dehydration. Apply the moisturizer and let it soak in at least 3 minutes before applying foundation.
- Avoid eating fatty foods and sugar
- Never use harsh soaps – they strip water away from your body
- Avoid smoking, drinking coffee and alcohol – they dry the skin
Daily skin care regime
1 step Cleanse
Use mild cleansers formulated for dry skin. Use oil-free products researched for dry or sensitive skin. Gentle facial brushes are recommended. The cleansers leave the skin feeling clean, smooth and fresh. They wash off the makeup, the dirt and the oil, leaving the skin clean and tight.
2 step Tone
Use oil-free astringent and formula for sensitive or dry skin. Never use alcohol-based products. Toners remove the traces of makeup, dirt and oil that your cleanser may have missed. The toners also reduce pores, eliminate oil and refine the skin. Avoid using a toner containing alcohol or any harsh ingredients that may dry and irritate your dry skin.
3 step Moisture
Applying creams and body lotions is essential, in order to keep well-hydrated and healthy. Use fragrance-free formulas suitable for dry skin. Light moisturizers protect, retain moisture and shield agents against the environment. Use a fragrance-free make-up remover and cotton ball to remove eye make-up.
Homemade facial masks:
Facial mask for dry skin with almond oil
Mix 150gr. Curds with 100ml. almond oil. Stir well until the ingredients blend together. Apply to the face and neck and leave it for 20 minutes. Rinse well with lukewarm water and apply a hydrating cream. The mask works well for those with dry and sensitive skin. The almond oil moisturizers and calms irritated dry skin.
Facial mask for dry skin with honey and rosewater
Mix one yolk of egg, 1 tbsp olive oil and 1 tbsp. honey and stir well. Apply the mixture to the face and after 20 minutes rinse thoroughly.
How To Detox
As we know skin is the body’s largest organ of elimination, that’s why looking after it isn’t just about having a gorgeous and sun-kissed complexion. The skin can easily absorb toxins directly from the environment. The skin’s pores, which release the toxins in sweat, can easily become clogged by pollutant particles, sebaceous glands’ oils and cosmetics. That’s why a skin detox is essential to make skin glow again.
There are many ways to help eliminate the toxins: hydrotherapy, aromatherapy, skin exfoliating, steam and sauna, contrast showers, different SPA procedures, home-made masks, eating healthy and drinking plenty of water.
A regular full body and face exfoliation is essential in order to remove the dead skin cells and plumps up both your blood circulation and lymph. The gentle massage during a full-body exfoliation has also a beneficial effect on areas of cellulite. Exfoliate the whole body every third day and it will be firm, smooth and free of the toxins. Do it in the morning as the acceleration of blood flow has quite an invigorating effect. Start at your feet and work upwards, brushing the legs, then buttocks, then on to the chest and stomach and finally the face. When exfoliating your body you stimulate blood and lymph flow, help eliminate toxins from skin, encourage skin cells to regenerate and help combat cellulite. Exfoliate gently every 3/ 4 days to keep your pores clear.
Sauna is a good way to cleanse from the toxins, because sweat is the most important elimination route of toxins. It is a powerful method of eliminating the toxins and dirt that are stored in fat cells. During a sauna, blood flow to the skin increases to 55% of cardial output. This flow brings important nutrients to the surface tissue, promoting cellular activity and growth. Your sweat cleans out the pores and cleans the skin from the toxins and the impurities clogged in it.
The benefits of the sauna are:
- the heart rate increased by 50 %
- blood vessels become flexible
- provide a comprehensive cleansing of the skin
- stimulates your immune system
- loosen fatty tissues
- combat cellulite
- provide a clear and healthy skin
In the shower, alternate hot and cold jets of water to boost your circulation and liven up your skin. Doing so, you promote detoxification and strengthen your immune system.
- Most of the skin creams contain mineral oils, which suffocate the skin, trapping toxins under the surface and resulting in dullness spots, pimples and even acne formation. Avoid using heavy creams containing mineral oils, instead opt for those containing natural plant oils. These products will allow it to breath easily.
- Don’t use any makeup products for at least 3 days, allow skin to breath
- Don’t use heavy makeup products – heavy foundations, powders, creams
- It’s essential to eat many fruits and vegetables every day
- Drink at least 1/5 liter water a day, the water is essential for healthy and glowing skin
- Don’t smoke, drink alcohol and limit the consumption of coffee.