You think you can hydrate simply with water.
It may seem simply but actually water contains large amounts of salt which may easily settle on the surface leading to the opposite effect – to dry the skin. If you want to hydrate you should use thermal sprays as they have the best hydrating action. Thermal water contains minerals and elements which are useful – it moisturizes and soothes the skin, preventing it from feeling tight and dry. Recent clinical research show that the mineral-rich water fortifies the skin, restores the pH balance and protects the skin against external aggressors like pollutionn for example. Applying thermal water in the form of a spray is easy and simple – spray it on the skin and after a minute wipe dry.
You think you can use your friend’s or mother’s skin care products.
Yes, you can use these products but only if they are appropriate for your type. Using the wrong skin care products is the most common skin care mistake. A recent research show that 64 percent of the women do not know what exactly is their skin type as well as that 37 percent of the teenagers use the wrong skincare and makeup products. For example if yours feels tight and dry in the morning and during the day it simply means that is dry; if you are prone to sudden rashes and burns it means it might be sensitive; if appears too oily and greasy may be mixed or oily.
You think you can nourish by applying Vitamin E ampule.
It is true that vitamin E has excellent nourishing and moisturizing properties but when it is applied in the form of oil solution it may seriously irritate the skin and cause the appearance of rashes and small dark spots. Vitamin E added to lotions, creams, and other skin care products, as well as taken orally, plays a role in the anti-aging of skin. It helps skin look younger by reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, reduce the risk of sun damage to cells as well as reduce the production of cancer-causing cells but you should remember that the concentration of the ampoule should not be more than 5 % otherwise it may cause serious side effects.
- You think all of the essential oils are harmful for oily skin.
Absolutely wrong. Only the mineral oils may clog the pores and cause irritation to the skin. Almost 78 percent of the skin care products contain essential oils which have different field of acting – one hydrate the skin; others nourish the skin making it look younger and cleaner. For example jojoba oil, olive oil, aloe vera are recommended for those women with combination or oily skin.
- You thing that the scrub with natural particles is better than the ones with synthetic granules.
Just the opposite. The edges of the synthetic particles have been processed and they won’t cause trauma. Limit the usage of sea salt only form your knees, heels, elbows but never exfoliate skin or neck with sea salt.
How Facial Skin Reveals Health Problems
The color of your skin can reveal different health problems, from iron deficiency (anemia) to insufficient sleep and dehydration.
- Dull complexion – if looks dull this may suggest: anemia, stress, decline in energy, too much smoking. If your complexion is dull you should drink fresh carrot juice everyday and at least 1.5 liter mineral water. Regular exfoliation is essential to brighten a dull complexion.
- Yellowish complexion – yellowish complexion may suggest: liver problems, heart problems, high blood pressure, improper diet, dehydration, spleen deficiency, jaundice . Drink 3-4 glasses of fresh lemon juice, carrot juice, 2 liter mineral water to keep your body hydrated. Do facial masks with honey twice a week to nourish it.
- Reddish complexion – a reddish face may suggest: poor blood circulation, vitamin and mineral deficiency, heart problems, high temperature, full blood vessels, Rosacea, contact dermatitis. Eat as many fresh vegetables and fruits as possible.
- Dark circles around the eyes – dark circles around the eyes may be a symptom of insufficient sleep, anemia, vitamin deficiency, kidney problems, nasal congestion, fluid retention, chronic sinusitis, dehydration.
Over cleaning the face
Washing your face twice a day (in the morning and in the evening) with the appropriate for your type products should be enough to keep it clean and healthy. There is no need to use products with harsh detergents to achieve radiant and clear skin. Find out what works best for you and never skip to cleanse your face. Use a mild facial cleanser and apply a toner, depending on type and on the needs. Use a moisturizer to keep hydrated and wear a sunscreen to protect from the harmful UV rays. If feels taut and tight after you have cleansed your face this may be a sign that you may be over-cleaning it.
Wearing a sunscreen is a must, especially during the summer months. It’s essential for preventing sun damage and lowering the risk of developing skin cancer. UV rays not only cause premature aging but also can cause skin cancer, freckles, brown spots, dull complexion and so on. It’s essential to wear a sunscreen with SPF at least 15 everyday even during the winter months to protect. Excessive sun exposure often leads to rashes, itchiness and dryness if your skin isn’t protected. The sun radiation breaks down collagen and elastin production causing sagging of the skin and wrinkling. Wearing sunscreen now would definitely deliver benefits later in life.
Overuse of makeup
Cosmetics easily become contaminated with bacteria that may cause serious skin problems – rashes, redness, swelling, itching and even scarring. Overuse of makeup may even lead to premature aging as cannot breathe naturally. If you wear makeup everyday it may clog pores and cause a blackhead to form.
Six Common Skin Problems In Teenagers
During the teens years skin is plump, firm and strong but unfortunately it’s more prone to frequent breakouts and blemishes – pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, large pores, acne. During puberty the skin begins to produce more oil (sebum), hormonal changes occur, your body begins to produce more hormones – Androgens.
The teenage years are the best time to begin a healthy skincare routine. A teen’s daily skin care regimen should consist of cleaning, toning, moisturizing, exfoliating, sun protection.
Common skin problems in teens are: acne, pimples, excessive oiliness, blackheads, whiteheads, large pores, hyperpigmentation, post-acne scars.
Acne is the most common skin problem among teenagers. 75 percent of the teenagers from ages 13 to 18 are affected, at least occasionally by acne. The most common form of acne among teens is Acne Vulgaris – it starts when the excess oil (sebum) and dead skin cells clog up the facial pores, the hormonal changes are also to be blamed. Acne can be composed by variety of skin lesions: blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, red spots, zits, pus-filled pimples. In most cases acne in teenagers is caused by a hormone imbalance, genes, stress and improper skincare.
Acne can be very depressing for a teenager but fortunately there are products, treatments and procedures that may help heal acne. The dermatologists usually prescribe:
- Antibiotics – used to kill acne-causing bacteria
- Accutane – an oral retinoid that is very effective in severe cases of acne
- Corticosteroid injection – used only in severe cases of acne. It is an anti-inflammatory medication that is injected into the inflamed acne lesion.
- Benzoyl Peroxide – probably the most effective and widely used acne medication. It’s available in lotions, creams, cleansers, gels.
- Salicylic Acid – helps unclog pores and prevent blemishes.
Every acne-sufferer should use specially designed creams, cleansers, lotions for acne-prone skin. Look for skincare products containing Benzoyl Peroxide, Salicylic Acid, Glycolic Acid, Hydroxyl Acid. Wash your face daily at least two times with a mild cleanser that cleanses deeply without drying it. Regular exfoliation is a good way to keep healthy and glowing and to prevent acne as the dead skin cells combined with excess oil on the surface may lead to blemishes and breakouts.
An estimated 89 percent of the teenagers have pimples outbreak at some point. A pimple usually begins to form when skin cells clump together causing a plug, then the excess oil being produced by the oil glands starts to build up beneath the plug. Dermatologists believe that the main cause of a pimple formation is the increased production of male hormones called Androgens combined with the presence of bacteria on the skin’s surface. Pimples can flare up at any time and unfortunately most of them leave a red scar behind.
What you can do to prevent pimples: Cleansing and toning your face is the best way to treat and prevent pimples. There are many cleansers, exfoliators, creams, lotions containing active ingredients that cleanse the skin deeply and dry out the pimples. It’s crucial to select a facial cleanser that is suitable for your type. If you have many pimples you may want to use a facial toner with alcohol as it dries out pimples fast but be very careful. Look for a toner with Salicylic Acid, Benzoyl Peroxide, Glycolic Acid.
Your best choice for a cleansing mask will be a clay mask as it draws out impurities and removes the excessive oil, which is very beneficial for those with combination or oily skin.
3. Excessive Oil Production
As we said early, during puberty the oil glands begin to produce more sebum (oil) due to hormonal changes. Excessive oil production may cause clogging of the pores, blackheads, whiteheads, enlarged pores, pimples. Excessive sebum production usually appears on the T-zone – forehead, nose and chin as these areas contain more oil glands than the other areas. Fortunately there are products specially designed to control the excessive oil production. They reduce and control the excess surface oil and prevent clogging of the pores. Main ingredient in shine/oil control products is Nordihydraguaiaretic Acid as it reduces the sebum production.
4. Blackheads and Whiteheads
The presence of blackheads and whiteheads is a common skin complaint among teenagers. Blackheads can affect every skin type and every age, especially those with oily and combination skin. Blackheads are caused by hardened masses of sebum (oil) trapped in the pores. They are direct result from skin facial pores becoming clogged with oil, dead skin cells and dirt. The blackheads (open comedones) usually appear on the T-zone and the whiteheads show up as tiny white spots around the eyes.
What you can do to prevent blackheads and whiteheads: the best way to prevent and treat blackheads is to exfoliate regularly – once or twice a week. When exfoliating you remove the dead skin cells, the impurities on the skin’s surface that usually lead to breakouts and blemishes. Regular exfoliation encourages new, healthier skin cells to form, unclogs pores and prevents further breakouts. Another alternative for dealing with blackheads are the pore strips that pull away oil and build up dirt from the nose, chin and forehead. It’s crucial to cleanse your face and to remove your makeup in the evening and in the morning, to keep clean and free of blackheads.
5. Large Pores
Puberty can cause enlargement of the facial pores due to the increased production of oil. During puberty the skin begins to produce more sebum and the pores have to enlarge in order to be able to handle the increased output. Pores appear enlarged when they are clogged, dilated, infected and that’s why the best way to keep your pores small and less visible is to keep clean all the time. Often the pores get clogged with dead skin cells, dirt, oil which makes them appear more prominent and that’s why regular skin exfoliation is essential in order to remove the dead skin cells and to allow to produce new, healthier cells. Use a mild exfoliator to remove the dead skin cells twice a week, but make sure it’s appropriate for your type. Using a pore minimizing (refining) products should be an essential part of your care regimen to keep your facial pores under control. These products target the production of sebum deep in the pores, clear away debris and reduce the size of the large pores.
6. Post-Acne Scars
As we said most of the pimples leave behind a red scar. The post-acne scars can be divided into two categories: physical scars and pigmented scars. The physical scars tend to cause an indentation in the skin’s surface, the pigmented post-acne scars usually appear as inflamed red mark, spot on the skin’s surface. Squeezing or picking at a pimple always increases the chances of scarring.
Microdermabrasion, chemical peel, laser resurfacing are all very effective in removing post-acne (post-pimple) scars, but such treatments are appropriate only for very severe scarring. There are many “on the spot” treatments containing Benzoyl Peroxide, Kojic Acid, Glycolic Acid that clear up blemishes and reduce the appearance of post-acne marks.
The Effects Of Smoking On The Skin
Smoking is one of the worst things that we can do to our bodies. The health effects of tobacco smoking are related to direct smoking, as well as passive smoking and secondhand smoking. Smoking contributes to the risk of developing heart disease, increase blood cholesterol level etc. Not only does it increase the risk of cancer and heart disease but it you have a family, passive smoking can also damage the health of the people closest to you.
Smoking is bad not only for your health, but also for your beauty. It decreases the flow of blood to the skin, leaving your complexion dull, promotes wrinkles and fine lines, deprives your skin of oxygen and robs your body of essential vitamins. That’s why smokers in their 30s have as many wrinkles as non-smokers in their 50s. Those who smoke every day get more wrinkles all over their face because of the nicotine – it constructs the tiny capillaries that nourish the skin. Smoking ages skin faster than anything else apart from sun damage. Smoking contracts your blood vessels and therefore doesn’t allow enough oxygen to reach the skin’s surface, resulting in dull-looking skin.
The effects of smoking are significant:
- bad breath
- dull complexion
- wrinkles appearance
- yellow teeth
- weak hair
- enlarged pores
- broken capillaries
- premature aging
- coarse skin all over your body
- reduction of the collagen
- smoking thins the skin
- alter your body shape
- smoking reduces the body’s store of vitamins
- loss of elasticity
- prolonged smoking causes dry skin
Vitamin C, pine-apple, brewer’s yeast
The grayish color of the skin is among the many problems of the smokers. If you want to look fresh, “attack” the problem internally. Eat fruits rich in vitamin C and foods containing zinc. They stimulate the formation of collagen which is important for the skin. Eat wheat, oat flakes and fish – they are the main source of zinc. The pine-apple contains the substance called “bromeline” – it deprives your body of the toxins. To replenish the lack of vitamin A eat lettuce and carrots. Vitamin E is “responsible” for the youth.
Exfoliating – removes the dead skin cells that make your complexion dull. When exfoliating you remove the clogged dirt in the pores, improve the blood circulation and stimulate the production of new skin cells.
Facial – it will return the glow and the freshness.
Hydrating cream – it regulates the moisture balance and avert the evaporation of the moisture
Cocktail of vitamins – it will increase the protection of the skin and will saturate it with oxygen. Vitamin A is important for the renovation of the skin and the decrease of the wrinkles. Vitamin C – for the free radicals, Vitamin E – for the immune system.
Night cream – corrects the damage while you are sleeping.
Nourishing nail oil – smoking causes discolouration of the fingers and nails on the hand used to hold the cigarette.
- consume a daily diet of healthy food
- eat many fresh vegetables and fruits
- eat fish and chicken
- take vitamin C daily
- drink at least 1.5 liter mineral water daily
- limit the alcohol and caffeine intake
- exercise regularly
- apply nourishing creams every day and use a night cream
- products should contain retinol, vitamins and antioxidant.